National nature reserve, castle

Vyšehradné - Nitrianske Pravno


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Category: Monuments

Vyšehradné - Nitrianske Pravno, Slovensko

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Not only our Czech or Hungarian neighbors have legendary Vysehrad and Visegrád, and our country has Vyšehrad . It is a unique natural area that hides the remains of an ancient fortress and a forgotten castle .

It is situated on the border of Trenčín and Žilina region , between the villages Nitrianske Pravno - Vyšehradná and Jasenovo . You will not overlook it, it is a hill (829 m above sea level) in the Žiar Mountains, which can be reached from the Nitra Pravna towards Martin via a beautiful natural saddle. Vysehrad is a castle on the same name. From the top and from the saddle there is a beautiful view .


The saddle beneath Vyšehrad was a strategic passage from Ponitria to Turca , already used in the beginnings of the settlement of Slovakia . The traces of settlement can be traced back to the hard-to-reach hill of Vyšehrad from the early Stone Age . Significant traces are associated with the Bronze Age and the people of the Lusatian culture (1200-700 BC) as well as with the later Iron Age (750 BC), from which many finds were found.

The most important role was played by the fortification during the period of Great Moravia, when it was the center of the region . The settlement of the territory to the north required the construction of fortified sites, from which the power of Ponitria to Turca, Orava or Liptov was expanded. The defensive and commercial function of the Upper Castle gradually took over the surrounding settlements and after the demise of the Great Moravia its significance dropped.


In the 13th century , the first written reports of Vyšehrad , which managed the Diviack family, appeared. Since 1277, it is reported that after the Mongol invasion, Vyšehrad was remembered only as a former castle . In the 15th century , part of the brothers, persecuted by the royal troops, resorted to Vyšehrad. From this period, finds of weapons , various iron objects , components of horse harnesses , corners , and especially coins are coming .


The territory at the top is part of Vysehrad NPR. Vyšehrad is a national nature reserve since 1973 . A territory with the 4th degree of protection covers the top part of Vyšehrad and a large part of the western foothill with an area of ​​more than 48 hectares.

The object of the protection is the Vyšehrad limestone massif with forest vegetation and rare species of insects .

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